Dental Fillings – Repair Dental Caries (Cavities)

Brampton Dental Fillings

Dental Fillings & Repairs

Repair Dental Caries & Cavities in Brampton

Dental Caries is a dental term used to describe tooth decay or cavities. Dental Caries occur because of the presence of a particular acid produced by a special kind of bacteria. This acid destroys the tooth’s enamel and the dentin. Dentin is a layer under the tooth’s enamel.

A human mouth is home to many different kinds of bacteria. Bacteria generate and regenerate over the teeth in the form of a sticky film. This film is called plaque that contains all kinds of different things such as saliva, bits of foods and other naturally occurring substances in the mouth. Common places where plaque can be found includes

  • Cracks and pits in the back of the teeth
  • In between two teeth
  • If there has already been fillings or bridgework, it can grow around the work
  • Close to the gum

These bacteria then go on to become acid along with the sugar and carbohydrates extracted from the food intake. It is because of this acid that the minerals over the teeth’s enamel dissolve and erode away the teeth crown. It is a slow process and barely visible, but overtime the pit grows big and starts to show. If left untreated, the acid also passes through the pores and reach the inner layer known as dentin. This part consists of the main body of the tooth and is a lot softer, hence the decay is faster. Once the dentin and enamel both are eroded, a cavity in the tooth is created.

If the decay is left untreated, the bacteria will just continue to grow, and it will eventually reach inner most layer of the tooth that contains nerve fibers and soft pulp. It will then only continue to grow more painful for the affected and the tooth will become a hinderance and will have to be removed.

While initial stages of dental caries do not really show any symptoms, if the decay is left to grow, the tooth will become sensitive to the hot and cold food and drinks, along with sweet things.

In the initial stages of dental caries, the damage can be stopped and reversed. However, once enamel starts breaking it is imperative that the affected consults a doctor. The standard treatment is to remove the decay through a drill or laser and then fill the cavity up.

Fillings can be made up of different materials, common amongst them being dental amalgam or composite resins. While amalgam is made up of metals such as silver, mercury, copper and others, composite resins are a popular choice because they have a tooth color and do not stand out separately.

If the cavity is too large though, a simple process of filling would not be enough for the repair work and the dentist would have to remove the decay overall and cover the tooth with ceramic inlay or an artificial crown for the tooth. These materials are mostly made in a lab or office.